or, as otherwise indicated, at

Middlesex University Seminars;
Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, Conferences;
Religious Education Short Courses;
or Winterbourne Church Study Days


(Copies of many of these papers are available, but should not of course be quoted without the author’s permission.)

under the auspices of




The Old School, 10 Church Lane, Yarnton, OXFORD OX5 1PY, UK
+44 (0) 1865 841772

Enquiries regarding papers given at more recent conferences should be addressed to Dr Francis Stewart.

Rebecca Aechtner

New College, Edinburgh

Jugendfeier: a secular youth rite of passage ritual?, 2010

Geoffrey Ahern

London School of Economics

Double profanity; or, Towards the explicit: eighteen anthroposophists and a researcher, 1981

John Allcock

Postgraduate School of S.E. European Studies, University of Bradford

Tourism as a sacred journey, 1987

The sacralisation of the nation, and the secularisation of the Churches: reflections on the place of religion in Yugoslavia, 1987

Kosovo: the heavenly and the earthly crown, 1991

Atrocity as sacrament: notes towards a sociology of damnation, 1996

Infinite Justice: implicitly religious responses to the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, 2002

Art and Spirituality: a personal exploration, 2009

Mark Ambrogio

London, Ontario

The relationship between implicit religion and liturgy, 2011

Rina Arya

Dept of Art History & Theory, University of Chester

The religious dimension of compulsive buying, 2008

The religion implicit in the paintings of Francis Bacon, 2009

Marianne Atkinson

Royal United Hospital, Bath

Issues around death in hospital, 1998

Michael Austin

Director of Training, Southwell Diocese

Salvation in art, 1992

John Badertscher

Dept of Religion Studies, University of Winnipeg

The virtues, in a technological society, 1987

The centrality of the concept of implicit religion for Religious Studies, 1993

The religion of nature, and the nature of religion, 1999

The centrality of the concept of implicit religion for Religious Studies, Middlesex 1999

Edward Bailey

Centre for the Study of Implicit Religion and Contemporary Spirituality

The implicit religion of contemporary society: a plea for its study, 1978

The implicit religion of a public house, RE 1983

A kind of Christianity: the implicit religion of a residential parish, Winterbourne 1982

Implicit religion in contemporary society, and its implications for Christian ministry and discipleship, Winterbourne 1996

Implicit religion: whither and whence?, 1997

Introducing implicit religion, Middlesex Seminar 1998

Living with Implicit Religion, 1967-2007, 2007

Noel Baker

Eastington Rectory, Gloucestershire

Reinforced concrete: a profanity?, Winterbourne 1990

Paul Ballard

Practical Theology, University of Cardiff

Models of ministry, and popular expectations, Winterbourne 1995

Eileen Barker

Dept of Sociology, London School of Economics

Implicit religion: social theory and social practice; or “You don’t get Evangelicals in Marxist boots”, 1979

Response to Meerten ter Borg, Cambridge 1998

John Beck

Homerton College, Cambridge

Spiritual education and values development in multi-faith contexts, RE 1998

Carl Becker

Kyoto University, Japan

Religious experiences in everyday Japanese life, 2010

Jim Beckford

Dept of Sociology, University of Warwick

Are new religious movements, new social movements?, 1992

Robert Beckley & Paul Chalfant

Dept of Sociology, Texas Tech University

The sacralisation of political ideology: implicit religion in the American Frontier tradition, 1994

Dan Beeby

The Gospel and Our Culture project, Selly Oak

Recovering scripture, Winterbourne 1994

John Beer

Churchill College, Cambridge

Christs story and ours: the relationship of the Gospel and personal experience,, RE 1985

Michael Beesley

Poole High School, Dorset

Affective learning in the classroom, RE 1998

Spirituality in education: spiritual development in schools, Winterbourne 1999

Emma Bell

University of Warwick Business School

The elevation of work: pastoral power and the New Age work ethic, 2003

Caro Barker Bennett

Director of Education, Diocese of Bristol

Spirituality in the workplace, and its consequences for the Church, 2003

Eugene Bianchi

Dept of Religion, Emory University, Atlanta, GA

Psycho-therapy as religion: pros and cons, 1989

Reginald Bibby

Dept of Sociology, University of Lethbridge, Alberta

The Canadian National Religious Survey: the unfocussed majority, 1982

Fragmented gods: explicit and implicit religion in Canada and beyond, 1988

Do data matter? Reflections on the role of research in identifying implicit and explicit religion, 2007

The Future as an Allusion: What Social Forecasts Tell Us About Explicit and Implicit Religion, 2013

Alan Black

Dept of Sociology, University of New England, Armidale, Australia

A critical appraisal of Roofs local/cosmopolitan theory of religious plausibility, in the light of Australian and British data, 1985

Anthony Blasi

Dept of Sociology, Tennessee State University

What was implicit in Pauls First Letter to the Thessalonians?, 1997

Marlies ter Borg

Independent scholar

The importance of monastic values for modern life: an enquiry into religious and psychological sources of modern values, 2007

Meerten ter Borg

Professor of Non-institutional Religion, University of Leiden

Charisma today, 1988

Implicit religiosity and death,, 1994

Implicit religion and inter-faith dialogue: an empirical perspective, Cambridge 1998

Implicit religion and power, 2000

mplicit religion, work ethics and management, 2002

Implicit religion in business, 2004

Rituals and implicit religion, 2005

Transcendence and implicit religion, 2006

Implicit religion in Holland: a silent march, football mania, and a pop-funeral manifestation, 2007

Privatisation and de-institutionalisation, 2009

Some remarks about Max Weber, 2011

Transcendence: religious and non-religious, 2013

John Bowker

Corpus Christi College, Cambridge

Implicit religion and inter faith dialogue in ethical perspective, Cambridge 1998

Marion Bowman

The Open University, Milton Keynes

Folkloristic studies and the study of folk religion, 1990

St Gerard Mojella in Newfoundland: the manipulation of devotion, 1993

More of the same? Christianity, vernacular religion, and alternative spirituality, in Glastonbury, 1999

Implicitly and explicitly claiming and creating sacred space, 2004

Walter Brenneman

Dept of Religion, University of Vermont, Burlington

A phenomenological enquiry into the nature of implicit religion and its relationship to loric power with reference to the holy wells of Ireland, 1993

Peter Brierley

Christian Research Association, London

The unchurched and fringe Churchmembers in England and Wales today, 1985

The British Churches today, Winterbourne 1988

Church leadership, 1990s-style, 1990

The English Church Census of 15 October 1989, 1991

Who goes where? The English Church Census of 1989,, Winterbourne 1991

Priorities, perspectives, and principles, Winterbourne 1993

Reaching and keeping teenagers, Winterbourne 1995

The Christian faith, life-style, and image, Winterbourne 1996

Christianity in global perspective, Winterbourne 1999

Nominalism reconceived, 1999

Implicit religion in the 1998 English Church Attendance Survey,, 2001

What the 1998 English Church Attendance Survey reveals about who goes to Church, Winterbourne 2002

Key issues in todays Church, Winterbourne 2003

Implicit religion: 72% Christian, 8% attendance, 2004

The “nominal” element in implicit religion, 2007

A comparison of the personality differences between male and female churchgoers, and non-churchgoers, 2009

What it means to be British, and how it might be changing, 2011

Facts, funerals, and the future of religion in the UK, 2013

London the exception to "the exceptional case" that disproves the rule, 2015

Alan Brown

Leeds Metropolitan University

The world of healthcare chaplaincy in the 21st century, 2005

Laurence Brown

Centre for the Critical Study of Religion, Education and Society, Westminster College, Oxford

Religious experience: its boundaries, and their definition, 1997

The psychology of religious experience, 1999

Religious differences in relation to their psychological and other similarities, 2000

Chris Burch

Precentor, Coventry Cathedral

Christian spirituality and Urban Priority Areas, Winterbourne 1996

Timothy Burfoot

University of Leicester

Implicit religion and poetic motif: religious orientation in Keats “Endymion”, 1980

Secular death: the experience of power, 1983

Neil Burgess

Dept of Pastoral Studies, Lincoln Theological College

The implicit religion of Anglican clergy, Winterbourne 1994

Bill Campbell

Westhill College, Selly Oak, Birmingham

Implicit religion and the social context of Pauline theology, 1987

Colin Campbell

Dept of Sociology, University of York

Natural constellations of belief, 1981

The other Protestant Ethic, 1986

Wesley Carr

Dean, Bristol Cathedral

The religion of the Establishment, Winterbourne 1996

Jackson Carroll

Hartford Seminary, Connecticut

Mainline Protestant identity: has it a future?, 1988

Brian Castle

Ripon College, Cuddesdon

The theology of hymns, Winterbourne 1998

Cedric Catton

Vicar of Exning, Chaplain of Newmarket General Hospital

Making the implicit, explicit, in local Christian leadership, Winterbourne 2000

H B Cavalcanti

Dept of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Richmond

& H Paul Chalfant

Dept of Sociology, Anthropology & Social Work, Texas Tech University

Abolitionism as implicit religion: a case study in collective conscience, 1995

Paul Chalfant

Dept of Sociology, Texas Tech University

The relationship of implicit religion to church and state arrangements: implications for implicit religion, 1983

Pearlygate: televangelism and implicit religion, 1988

Stepping to redemption: twelve-step groups as implicit religion, 1992

From implicit to explicit religion: conversion to Russian Orthodoxy in the US, 1993

See also: Robert Beckley, 1994

Robin Childs

Marlborough College, Wiltshire

Religious symbolism in art, RE 1984

Roberto Cipriani

Dept of Sociology, University of Rome I

Diffused religion: theory and practice, 1985

David Clark

Dept of Social Studies, University of Newcastle upon Tyne

Folk religion in a North Yorkshire fishing village, 1978

Funerary practice and belief in Staithes, 1979

Keith Clements

Baptist College, Bristol

Nationality and the Kingdom, Winterbourne 1988

Guy Cole

St Anne’s Church, Eastville, Bristol

War, Remembrance, and the cult of the dead,, Winterbourne 1991

Simon Coleman

Dept of Anthropology, University of Durham

The aesthetics of Swedish Evangelicalism, 1994

Mike Collins

Faculty of Sport, Health & Social Care, University of Gloucestershire

The wheel turns: sport and faithcommunities in the UK, 2008

Case-studies in sport and faith, 2009

Dagmar Corry

School of Psychology, University of Ulster

& Christopher Alan Lewis

Dept of Psychology, Glyndwr University

Through the lens of implicit religion: creativity & spirituality in coping, 2010

Dominic Corrywright

Study of Religions, Oxford Brookes University

A new visibility?: well-being culture, religion, and spirituality, 2009

Catherine Coster

Schools Adviser, Bristol Diocese

Nurturing the spirit of the child, in school and church, Winterbourne 2002

Melanie Cotterell

University of Oxford

Invisible religion and the middle class, 1980

David Craig

BBC Multi Faith Bureau, London

Implicit religion and inter faith dialogue: a practical perspective, Cambridge 1998

Peter Croft

Sub-dean, Guildford Cathedral

Some implications of folk religion for the Churchs ministry, Winterbourne 1982

John Cumpsty

Dept of Religious Studies, University of Cape Town

Work as a sacrament of participation in the faith reality of Western implicit religion, 1997

Adrian Cunningham

Dept of Religious Studies, University of Lancaster

Distinguishing the implicitly religious and the aesthetic, 1978

The articulation of the sense of the self and identity, 1979

Grace Davie

Dept of Sociology, University of Exeter

“Faith in the City” and implicit religion (with Graham Howes), 1986

Diffused religion and French Protestantism, 1686-1986, 1987

Christie Davies

Dept of Sociology, University of Reading

Ethnic jokes: implicit religious values and implicit religious identity, 1991

Douglas Davies

Dept of Theology, University of Nottingham

Clerical self-absolution through the notion of folk religion?, 1982

Clergy, people, and orthodoxy, Winterbourne 1992

Implicit religion and inter faith dialogue in human perspective, Cambridge 1998

Douglas Davies, Christopher Short & Michael Winter

Rural Church Project, Royal Agricultural College, Cirencester

The Rural Church Project, Winterbourne 1992

Jon Davies

Dept of Religious Studies, University of Newcastle upon Tyne

Lapidary texts: Europes War Memorials as a liturgy fit for heroes, 1993

Acts of remembrance, rites of oblivion, 1995

Rupert Davies

Methodist Church of Great Britain

Implicit religion, English style, Winterbourne 1988

Jennifer Davis

Anglican Church of Canada

The Eastern Cree, as a spiritual reality, 2009

Foregiveness: is it all it’s cracked up to be?, 2012

Jennifer Davis & Karl Jürgen G Feuerherm

Dept of Archeology & Classical Studies, Wilfred Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada

Reality and Possibility, 2011

Kees de Groot

Tilbury University, Netherlands

Tintin as a Catholic hero: how Catholic values in a comic book went underground, 2014

Playing with Events, 2015

Chris Deacy

Applied Theology, University of Kent, UK

Christmas as a site of implicit religiosity, 2013

Gil Dekel

Centre for Media Studies, Portsmouth University

The sense of beauty: visualising poetic experiences through filmmaking, 2008

Jay Demerath III

Dept of Sociology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst

The sacred as surrogate: notes on implicit a-religion, 1991

Bill Denning

Horfield Methodist Church, Bristol

Religion and body language, RE 1984

Steven R. Doehrman

PsychAssociates Group, New York

Practice of Clinical Psychology as a Form of Implicit Religion, 2013

Clinical Psychologists practice their profession as a religion, 2015

Kevin Donnelly

Abraham Moss Comprehensive School, Manchester

Residual religion in an urban community: a search for secular man, 1978

Peter Duncan

Dept of Social Policy & Social Work, York University

Implicit religion and social responsibility, 1999

The implicit religions behind Christian social responsibility, Winterbourne 2000

Wilhelm Dupré

Institute of Philosophy, University of Nijmegen

Primitive culture as focus of implicit religion, 1983

Implicit religion and the place of inter-religious dialogue, 1986

The priority of the holy: some remarks on the distinction between the sacred and the holy, 1989

Pluralism and balance as a key to implicit religion: the importance of the divine for the construction of religious man in the thought of William James, 1990

Implicit religion and the meaning of religious experience, 1994

Object and reality in the study of religion, 1996

Implicit religion and inter-faith dialogue: a philosophical perspective, Cambridge 1998

The quest for myth as a key to implicit religion, 1999

Difficulties in discerning religious phenomena, 2000

The critical potential of the concept of Implicit Religion, 2002

Why (and when) implicit?, 2006

The Tenacity of the God-problem: The Notion of God in Implicit Religion, 2011

The Meaning of Meaninglessness: remarks on the religious ramifications of ritual activities, 2015

David Edwards

Southwark Cathedral

The next century: religious or secular?, Winterbourne 1993

Martin Eggleton

Chaplaincy & Religious Studies, Middlesex University

Student spirituality: the contemporary scene, 1999

Neville Emslie

Canterbury Diocese, Church of England

Perceiving through similitude, 2014

Clive Erricker & Cathy Ota

The Children and Worldviews project, Chichester College of H.E.

Children’s constructions of reality: conceptual expressions of implicit religion, 1995

Children and adults: what’s the connection?, Winterbourne 1998

Chris Evans

Oxford University, Extramural Dept.

Speaking in other tongues: Pentecost re-visited, 2009

Ken Evans

Dept of Education, Reading College, Berkshire

Implicit religion as the ultimate mind-map, 2001

Anne Eyre

Westminster College, Oxford

Football as implicit religion, 1996

Current implicit religion, as shown in the response to disasters, Winterbourne 1998

Richard Fenn

Dept of Sociology, University of Maine at Orano

The Church as metaphor for the nation, 1984

Karljürgen Feuerheim

University of

Enuma elis, Creation and Destruction: life as a product of death, 2012

Shirley Firth

Dept of Religious Studies, Open University

Hindu approaches to death and bereavement: patterns of change in Britain, 1994

Spirituality in healthcare, Winterbourne 1999

Newton B Fowler Jr

Lexington Theological Seminary, Kentucky

Implicit religion in the Southern Appalachian Highlands, 1995

Leslie J. Francis

Welsh National Centre for Religious Education, Bangor

Personality and religion: measurement or muddle?, 1981

Rural Anglicanism, Winterbourne 1986

Responding to Peter Brierley, 2009

The association between suicidal ideation, explicit religion and implicit religion: an empirical enquiry among 13-15 year-old adolescents, 2012

Leslie J. Francis & Mandy Robbins

Welsh National Centre for Religious Education, Bangor

“Implicit Religion” and “ordinary theology”: an empirical investigation, 2005

Implicit religion, explicit religion, and purpose in life: an empirical enquiry among 13- to 15-year-old adolescents, 2011

Leslie J. Francis, Emyr Williams & Mandy Robbins

Welsh National Centre for Religious Education, Bangor

The unconventional beliefs of conventional churchgoers: the matter of luck, 2006

Introducing the Belief in Luck Index (BILI): interpreting implicit religion and alternative spiritualities among adolescents, 2007

Attitudes towards Christianity and New Age beliefs among undergraduates in Slovenia: complimentary or contradictory worldviews, 2008

See also: Mandy Robbins; Emyr Williams

Hal French

Dept of Religious Studies, University of South Carolina

Signs of thanatocracy: a critique of American funerary practices, 1981

Religion and football: the cult of the fighting gamecock, 1984

Implicit religion and inter faith dialogue in historical perspective, Cambridge 1985

Thomas Gannon

Dept of Sociology and Anthropology, Loyola University of Chicago

Religious experience and everyday life, 1982

Brian Gates

Dept of Religious Studies and Social Ethics, St Martins College, Lancaster

Children and Religious Education: a psychological approach, RE 1982

François Gauthier

Sciences de Réligion, Université de Québec à Montrèal

Simply religion: the relevance of religious studies to contemporary culture, 2003

Leslie van Gelder

Walden University, Minneapolis

Implicit religion and the philosophy of peace, 2004

A gifting reality, 2006

Robin Gill

Dept of Christian Ethics and Practical Theology, New College, Edinburgh

Theologians and folk religion, 1982

Sophie Gilliat

Dept of Sociology, University of Warwick

Current implicit religion, and current chaplaincy provision in prisons, Winterbourne 1998

Guiseppe Giordan

Dept of Sociology, University of Padua

Towards a common-sense religion? The young and religion in Italy, 2010

James Gollnick

Studies in Personality and Religion, University of Waterloo, Ontario

Implicit religion in the psychology of religion, 2002

Implicit religion in psychotherapy, 2004

George González

The Ritualization of Consumer Capitalism: Catherine Bell’s Ritual Theory, Ritual Practice in the Age of Starbucks, 2015

Janet Goodall

Institute of Education, University of Warwick

Parental belief and parental engagement in children’s learning, 2011

Martin Goodridge

Dept of Business and Social Studies, Bradford College

Perceptions of time, death and religion, 1981

Implicit religion: an empirical approach, RE 1982

Tim Gorringe

St John’s College, Oxford

Popular Hinduism and popular Christianity in India, Winterbourne 1989

Andrew Gough

Christian Publicity Organisation, Brighton

The underlying religion of the Sun, Winterbourne 1990

The living faith of the media: the worldview of the Sun newspaper, 1992

Roger Grainger

(formerly) Potchefstroom University, South Africa

The search for health as implicit religion, 1987

The implicit religion of the search for health, Winterbourne 1989

Notes on the religiosity of “scientific” methods of psychotherapy, 1987

Madness and theology: the implicit religion of King Lear, 2000

The implicit religion of “Crem’ funerals, 2001

Group spirituality, 2003

What islands say, 2008

Playing games with death, 2009

Implicit soulfulness: a dramatic perspective, 2013

Storied perfection, 2014

What I Tell You Three Times is True, 2015

Rennie Greenfield

Dept of Religion, History, Philosophy & Classics, Westminster College, Pa

The celluloid campfire: implicit religion and film, 2008

Daniel Gutierrez

University of Mexico

The implicit religion of the current Development process, 2006

Dr. Mary I. Hale

Department of Religious Studies, Saint Mary’s University

Mindfulness: an implicit religion, 2015

Gill Hall

Glyndŵr University

The Appeal of Celtic Spirituality in a Secular Age, 2013

Explicit and implicit religious interest in Celtic Christianity: An empirical survey, 2014

Malcolm Hamilton

Religions & Education, University of Warwick

Feeding the spirit: food, diet, and spirituality, 1994

Non-religious meaning-systems and the notion of Implicit Religion, 1998

John Hammond

Dept of Religious Education, St Martins College, Lancaster

Affective learning in the classroom, RE 1988

Philip Hammond

Dept of Religious Studies, University of California at Santa Barbara

Implicit religion and politics: the American case, 1983

Implicit religion from below, 2006

Ian Hamnett

Dept of Sociology, University of Bristol

A sociological look at religion, explicit and implicit, Winterbourne 1982

Elizabeth Hand

The implicit religion of some housewives, Winterbourne 1994

Sharon Hanson

Birkbeck College, London

Law as implicit religion, 1999

Ted Harrison

formerly, BBC correspondent

Early indications of a Diana cult, 2007

Hiding the explicit: interfaith dialogues as implicit religion, 2008

The implicit religion of contemporary conceptual art, 2009

Climate change and acts of God, 2014

The implicit religion of Body Art, 2015

Kenneth Hart

School of Psychology, University of Leeds

Secular and spiritual Forgiveness Therapies for people in addiction-recovery, 2000

Joe Hasler

Hartcliffe Vicarage, Bristol

The implicit religiosity of Outer Housing Estates, Winterbourne 2001

David Hay

Centre for the Study of Human Relations, University of Nottingham

The Religious Experience Research Project, in relation to schools, RE 1985

Affective learning in the classroom, RE 1988

The implicit spirituality of children, RE 1997

Gordon Heald

Social Surveys (Gallup)

A comparative study of values in Japan, the United States and Britain, 1983

Clerical and popular beliefs in 1982, 1984 and 1986, Winterbourne 1986

Russell Heddendorf

Dept of Sociology, Covenant College, Georgia

Humour as implicit religion, 1992

Paul Heelas

Dept of Religious Studies, University of Lancaster

Implicit religion: ineffability, 1979

John Heidt

Up Hatherley Vicarage, Cheltenham

The new religious consciousness, Winterbourne 1986

Peggy Herrman

Institute of Government, University of Georgia

Spirituality in mediation: notes from the edge, 1996

John Hey

Secular Transcendence and the Primacy of Believing: Believing Beyond Religion, 2011

Critical believing and an implicit secularity: what price a secular Jesus?, 2012

Colin Hill

Churches Planning Officer, Telford

The emergence, or otherwise, of the civic Church in English new towns,, 1989

Carlisle Diocese

The prayers of the un-­faith-­full, 2001

Samuel Hill

Dept of Religion, University of Florida

American civil religion as implicit religion, 1983

Michael Hinton

Broadoak School, Weston-super-Mare

Civil religion in a comprehensive school, Winterbourne 1985

Rob Hirst

Dept of Sociology, University of Surrey

The network dependency of personal religious belief systems, 1998

Margaret Holloway

Dept. of Social Work, Hull University

Spirituality in contemporary funerals: starting a study, 2009

Roger Homan

School of Education, University of Brighton

The liminality of the implicit, 1996

Norichika Horie

Dept. of Human Relations, University of the Sacred Heart, Tokyo

The contemporary view of re-incarnation in Japan: narratives of reincarnating self, 2009

When prophecies come true: the attitude of believers in Ascension after the earthquake in Japan, 2012

Michael Hornsby-Smith

Dept of Sociology, University of Surrey

English Catholics and Papal authority: reflections on the Popes visit in 1982, 1983

Graham Howes

History of Art & Social Sciences, Cambridge University

“Faith in the City” and implicit religion, 1986

Theoretical dimensions of Implicit Religion: response to the Denton Conference, 2000

The futures of implicit religion—of its study and of the realities that it studies, 2003

“Holy places, or hollow spaces?”: built forms and religious experience, 2006

‘Nearly,but not quite’ — re-positioning Implicit Religion for the 21st century, 2013

See also: Grace Davie, 1986

Graham Howes & Tim Jenkins

Asst. Director (Implicit Religion), CARTS, Cambridge

Implicit religion and the academy, 2013

Marie Howes

University of Cambridge

Popular imagery and popular religion in contemporary Peru, 1986

Philip Hughes

Christian Research, Australia

Implicit religion in Australia, Middlesex 1998

Kate Hunt

Centre for the Study of Human Relations, University of NottinghThe Great Something-in-the-Sky: the beliefs of everyday Britain, 2000

Stephen Hunt

Dept of Sociology, University of Reading

Faith-healing and implicit religion, 1998

Between spirituality and sexuality: dynamics of identity construction, 2012

Rodney Hunter

Candler School of Theology, Emory University

Implicit Religion from the perspective of psycho-social commitment theory, 1998

Philip James

The Sacred Land Project. See: Christine King, 2003

William Closson James

Dept of Religious Studies, Queens University, Kingston, Ontario

Diomorphs and Cobblers: ways of being religious in Canada, 1999

Religion, explicit and implicit, in “The Lord of the Rings”, 2002

Peter Jarvis

Dept of Adult Education, University of Surrey

Towards a sociological understanding of superstition, 1978

Timothy Jenkins

Asst. Director (Implicit Religion), CARTS, Cambridge

Everyday life in rural France: some pointers to implied religion, Winterbourne 1982

Analysing community life, Winterbourne 1987

How best to give life to the study of religion, 2002

Sacred persons in contemporary culture, 2004

Is interfaith work possible?, 2007

Discerning and articulating the implicit: A methodology workshop, 2008

The anthropology of Christianity, 2013

See also: Graham Howes

Anderson Jeremiah

New College, Edinburgh

Utilisation of religious symbols, performances and subversion of local customs for social negotiation and change in rural south India, 2010

Ivo Jirásek

Physical Culture, Palacky University, Czech Republic

“Systematic constellation” as a trans-rational image of the unconscious: non-religious spirituality or implicit religion?, 2013

Winter wondering on ?????????????????????? of transcendence And spirituality in participants’ mind maps, 2014

The Czech Comic Strip “Fast Arrows” and the boundaries of implicit religion , 2015

Peter Jupp

Centre for the Study of Religion and Society, Canterbury

Dying today: is nothing sacred?, 1992

Causes and consequences of the English preference for cremation, Winterbourne 1992

Valdemar Kallunki

University of Helsinki

An empirical approach to Civil Religion, 2014

Kenta Kasai

Centre for Information on Religion, Tokyo

People in Japan who use the term “spirituality”, 2004

John Keast

Quality Curriculum Authority, London

Values development and your school, RE 1998

Alistair Kee

Dept of Religious Studies, University of Glasgow

The experience of transcendence in contemporary culture, 1978

William Keenan

Sociology, Liverpool Hope University

The implicit religion of the dress symbol: an evolutionary view, 1997

The implicit religion of the Internet, 2006

The odour of sanctity; a whiff of rebellion: an implicit religion view of the humblest of things (socks), 2007

The spiritual turn of post-Crisis economics: the implicit religion of “the dismal science”, 2009

Recycling Religion: Understanding Lance Armstrong’s, 2013

Granulated faith-holding: examples from the vocation of science (Max Weber, Edward Shils, David Martin), 2014

Anthony Kelso

Dept of Mass Communication, Iona College, New York

Viewing advertising through the lens of faith: finding God in images of Mammon, 2006

Daren Kemp

University of Kent at Canterbury

“Christaquarians”? Churchgoers and The New Age, Winterbourne 1999

William Kenney

Passionist Fathers, and University of Gottenburg

Popular piety in Sweden, 1987

Christine King

Vice-Chancellor’s Office, Staffordshire University

Nazi responses to new religious movements, 1986

His hand in mine: Elvis Presley, religion, myth and fantasy, 1989

Christine King, Philip James &, John Smith

Staffordshire University, and The Sacred Land Project

Pilgrimage and its contribution to sustainable societies, 2003

Noel King

Dept of Religious Studies, University of California at Santa Cruz

Implications of the self-statements in undergraduate autobiographies, 1968-88, 1989

Ursula King

Dept. of Theology and Religious Studies, University of Bristol

Spirituality, the zest for life, and the power of love, 2009

Graham Kings

Ridley Hall, Cambridge

Christianity and cultural encasement(with Bill Pickering), Winterbourne 1994

Constantin Klein & Thomas Schmidt-Lux

Institute for Psychology, University of Leipzig

Is football religion?: implicit-religious phenomena in the field of football, 2007

Neville Knight

Dept of Anthropology and Sociology, Monash University, Victoria

The religious experience of youth in three Australian secondary schools, 1995

Kim Knott

Dept of Sociology, University of Leeds

Conventional and common religion in the media, 1983

Dr John S Knox

Religious Studies, George Fox University, Oregon

The Church, Alternative Lifestyles, and Sacro-Egoism: Religious Radical Individualism in the Modern World, 2013

Nicholas Kokosolakis

Dept of Sociology, University of Liverpool

Power and religion in modern society, 1985

Lap Yan Kung

Dept of Religious Studies, Chinese University of Hong Kong

Implicit religion: a view from Hong Kong, 2004

Christopher Lamb

Centre for Inter-Faith Dialogue, Middlesex University

The implicit religion of love, 1998

Implicit religion in inter faith dialogue, Middlesex 1998

Tapino Lampinen

Dept of Practical Theology, University of Helsinki

Civil/diffused/invisible religion in the capital area of Finland, 1985

Civil religion in Finland, 1988

Myrtle Langley

Dept of Missiology, Trinity College, Bristol

The implicit in symbol and ritual: implications for secularisation theory, 1979

Christian initiation and implicit religion, 1986

Clive Lawton

Central Information Centre, Board of Deputies of British Jews

Faith and experience of the Jew, RE 1983

Brenda Lealman

Christian Education Movement, London

Religion and values for 16+, 1987

Simon Lee

Vice-Chancellor, Leeds Metropolitan University

The implicit religion of Higher Education, 2005

Kevin Lewis

Dept of Resligious Studies, University of South Carolina

“Religion” in the Middle East: implicit and/or invisible, 2006

America’s heirloom comfort song: “Amazing Grace”, 2012

Karen Lord

Centre for the Studies in Implicit Religion, University of Wales, Bangor

Implicit Religion, Establishment, and the Church-State relationship, 2006

Community, identity, divinity: an analysis of the basis of religion, 2007

Henry Lupton

Dept of Psychology, St Martins College, Lancaster

Being objective about the subjective, 1980

David Lyon

Dept of Community Studies, Ilkley College

A critical sociology of implicit religion?: inter-war Christian sociology versus capitalist idolatry, 1981

Epiphany and apocalypse in the postmodern, 1994

Arlene Macdonald

Centre for the Study of Religion, University of Toronto

The implicit religion of organs: transformative experience, sacred discourses, and sensuous nations, 2006

Vasilios Makrides

University of Tübingen

Is there a substantive equivalent of religion?: naturalistic systems as religion, 1988

David Male

Dept of Drama, Homerton College, Cambridge

Implicit religion as revealed through drama, RE 1982

Bernice Martin

Independent scholar

Women, household and the family, among South American Pentecostals, 1993

David Martin

Dept of Sociology, London School of Economics

Human sound and sublime vision, 1979

Olivier Masson

Universities of Quebec at Montreal

Turning Into Gods: Transhumanist insight on tomorrow’s religiosity, 2013

James Mathisen

Dept of Sociology/Anthropology, Wheaton College, Illinois

American sport as folk religion: examining a test of its strength, 1988

Muscular Christianitys English roots and American branches: the development and institutionalisation of modern Evangelical sport ministries, 1991

Claudia May

Fellow for Studies in Implicit Religion, United College of Ascension, Birmingham

Jesus, the allure of celebrity, football, and the curious allure of David Beckham, 2005

The spirituality of money and the allure of consumerism, 2006

Peter McCaffery

Dept of Sociology, University of Aberdeen

The metaphysics of secular institutions, 1984

Stewart McFarlane

Dept of Religious Studies, University of Lancaster

Religious dimensions of the martial arts, East and West, 1992

Ton Meijknecht

Technologists’ professional motivations , 2015

Guy Ménard

Dept des Sciences Réligieuses, Université de Québec à Montrèal

Two solitudes, one insight: implicit religion and religiosity, 1999

Religion, implicit or post-modern?, 2000

The moods of Mariana: of hijabs, Nikes, implicit religion and post-modernity, 2004

Contemporary sexuality, transcendence, and implicit religion, 2005

An Unexpected Journey. Explicit and Implicit Religious Dimensions of Technology, 2015

John Meyer

Cassel Research Institute, San Diego, CA

Worship and the psychology of inventive creativity, 1999

Grahame Miles

Dept of Religious Education, Homerton College, Cambridge

Some aspects of the transcendental experiences of adolescents, 1981

Adolescents understanding of experience and belief: the effects of a teaching programme, RE 1984

Mature and immature religious outlooks, RE 1985

Affective RE and its development, RE 1994

Stella Mills

Dept. of Engineering & Computing, Staffordshire University

I-Pastoral Care: a small case study, 2009

Stella Mills, Paul Nash, Melanie Lee, Zamir Hussain & Anne Ramsden

Dept. of Computing, Engineering & Sciences, Staffordshire University

Implicit Religion as expressed in end-of-life spiritual care in a multi-religious children’s hospital, 2013

Murray Milner

Dept of Sociology, University of Virginia

The implicit religion of American teenagers, 2001

Robin Minney

University of Durham

Implicit approaches to explicit religion, 1994

Stephen Molloy

Dept of Sociology, University of Leeds

Common religion in Leeds: an interim report, 1982

Gareth Morgan

Consultant in information systems, and Sheffield Hallam University

Implicit religion and ethics in asking for money, Winterbourne 1995

Bernard Moss

Institute of Social Work, Staffordshire University

Religion and spirituality in social work education and practice, 2004

Sam Mueller

Dept of Sociology, University of Akron, Ohio

The opportunity cost of discipleship: ethical investment and its return, 1990

Donald Munro

Dept of Sociology, University of Exeter

Implicit religion: a perspective from anthropology, 1978

Derek Murray

St Columbas Hospice, Edinburgh

The Lord Chancellors dilemma: implicit assumptions in two High Calvinist Churches, 1990

Implicit religion: the hospice experience, 1992

The implicit religion of letters of consolation, 1998

The implicit religion of the afterlife, 2001

The Scout Movement as an implicit-religious movement, 2006

“Left Behind?” Implicit religion and evangelical apocalyptic, 2009

The great anniversary of the KJV: how is this translation unique, 2012

How far can we call heraldry ‘implicitly religious’? Is it useful to do so?, 2013

Paul Nathanson

McGill University, Montreal

From healers to heels: the decline of a mythical archetype, 2010

Edward Nash

Architect, Bath

The setting of the funeral, Winterbourne 1989

Marilyn Nefsky

Dept of Religious and Theological Studies, Westhill College, Birmingham

Implicit religion in contemporary Japan, 1985

Robert H Nelson

School of Public Policy, University of Maryland

Calvanism as ???????: American environmentalism as implicit Calvanism, 2014

Arnaldo Nesti

Dept of Sociology, University of Florence

The concept of implicit religion, 1986

Brian Netto

RE Adviser, Brent

Affective learning and religious education, RE 1989

Lesslie Newbigin

The Gospel and Our Culture Project, Selly Oak

The Gospel and our culture, Winterbourne 1994

Denise Newton

Institute for the Study of Worship and Religious Architecture, University of Birmingham

Secularisation and organised astrology, 1980

Implicit religion in organised astrology, 1982

Daniel Noel

Mythological Studies, Pacific Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA

The discourse of belief in media culture: with the loss of the symbolic life and the menace of media credulity, what are the prospects for implicit religion?, 2002

Tamaru Noriyoshi

Dept of Religious Studies, University of Tokyo

The relevance of the concept of implicit religion for Japanese society, 1982

Stan Nussbaum

Centre for New Religious Movements, Selly Oak, Birmingham

New religious movements and the parish ministry, Winterbourne 1988

Roger O’Toole

Division of Social Sciences, University of Toronto

Implicit religion in Canada, 1990

Art and implicit religion, 1996

Michael Paffard

Dept of Education, University of Keele

When is an experience religious?: the strange case of Lord Clarke and Dr Vidler, RE 1983

K S Panesar

Sikh Gurudwar, Bristol

The relationship between everyday experience and the Sikh faith, RE 1985

Eve Paquette

Dept of Sciences Réligieuses, Université de Québec à Montrèal

The “Vampire trend” as implicit religion: its correlates and consequences in contemporary society, 2000

Thomas Parkhill

Dept of Religious Studies, St Thomas University, Fredericton, NB

Grey Owls Indians and place-based religiousness, 1997

Karen Pärna

Faculty of Theology, University of Leiden

The Internet as a sacred phenomenon: the meanings of a contemporary hierophany, 2005

“The Third Wave” and the New Economy: the implicit religiosity of late 20th century techno-utopian visions, 2006

A jungle of terms: what is implicit religion?, 2007

Believe in the Net: implicit religion and the internet hype, 1994-2000, 2009

“Spiritual labour”: working on the spiritual marketplace, producing spirituality, 2011

Kathryn Paslawska

Leeds Church Institute & Leeds University

Spirituality at work, 2005

Robin Pearce

Head of Humanities, Castle School, Taunton

Art and Religious Education, RE 1983

Per Pettersson

Church of Sweden Social Research

Implicit religion turned explicit: a case-study of the Estonia disaster, 1996

Bill Pickering

St Anthonys College, Oxford

Durkheim on popular religion, 1989

The Année Sociologique group, and van Gennep, 1990

See also: Graham Kings, Winterbourne 1994

Richard Pierard

Dept of History, Indiana State University

Civil religion and the contemporary Christian political right, 1985

John Polkinghorne, KBE

Queens College, Cambridge

Implicit religion and inter faith dialogue: focussing the issues, Cambridge 1998

Margaret Poloma

Dept of Sociology, Buchtel College, Akron, Ohio

The effects of prayer on mental well-being, 1993

Adrian Portmann

University of Basel

Consuming friendship: cooking and eating as religious practices, 1998

Jack Priestley

Dept of Education, University of Exeter

The affective dimension in RE: a theoretical framework, RE 1987

Tim Putnam

Portsmouth School of Art, Design and Media

Material culture and implicit religion, 1999

Jonathan Pye

Wesley College, Bristol

Spirituality and healthcare, winterbourne 2003

Michael Pye

Religionswissenschaft, Marburg

Implicit religion and inter faith dialogue: focussing the issues, Cambridge 1998

Kathy Raban

Religious Experience Research Project, Nottingham School of Education

Affective learning in Religious Education, RE 1989

Catherine Racine

Theology & Religion, Durhan University

The Flourishing of Wonder: Palliative or Cure?, 2013

Garth Read

Religious Education Research Centre, Westhill College, Birmingham

Implicit religion in RE: the curriculum,, RE 1982

Ian Reader

Scottish Centre for Japanese Studies, University of Stirling

Tourism and pilgrimage: the Japanese case, 1990

From the feet up: etiquette and implicit religion in Japan, 1991

John Reader

Diocese of Worcester, Church of England

The “Transitional Towns” Handbook: signs of an “implicit religion”?, 2009

Richard Redmayne

Counsellor, psychotherapist, and consultant in RE, Norfolk

Implicit religion and the experience of healing, in counselling and psychotherapy, 1995

Implicit Religion in two South Indian cross-cultural ashrams, 2006

Bruce Reed

Grubb Institute of Behavioural Studies, London

Values to live by: a study of dependence, 1984

Bryan Rennie

New College, Edinburgh

Eliade: the meaning of implicit religion, and the implicit religion of meaning, 1990

Mandy Robbins & Leslie Francis

Welsh National Centre for R.E., University of Wales, Bangor

Belonging without believing: a study in Anglican identity and implicit religion, 2003

Mandy Robbins, Leslie Francis & Emyr Williams

Warwick Religions and Education Research Unit, University of Warwick

The “Spiritual Revolution” and suicidal ideation: an empirical enquiry among 13 to 15 year olds in England and Wales, 2009

Mandy Robbins, Emyr Williams & Leslie Francis, Ursula Billington

Welsh National Centre for R.E., University of Wales, Bangor

Alternative spiritualities: different personalities? An empirical enquiry exploring the persistence of implicit religion among 14- to 16-year old students, 2007

Mandy Robbins, Emyr Williams, Leslie Francis & Jenny Amis

Institute of Education, University of Warwick

Mystical orientation and psychological type: a study in implicit religion among guests staying at a Benedictine abbey, 2008

Richard Roberts

Institute for Religion and the Human Sciences, University of St Andrews

Conceptualising enterprise religion, 1992

Implicit religion and inter faith dialogue: focussing the issues, Cambridge 1998

Edward Robinson

Religious Experience Research Unit, Oxford

The authority of religious experience, 1980

Indirect communication, 1983

Simon Robinson

Dept of Applied Global Ethics, Leeds Metropolitan University

Implicit religion and pastoral care in counselling, 2005

The soul of the University, 2008

Philip Roderick

The Quiet Garden Trust, Amersham, Bucks

Travelling light, dwelling deep: exploring a model for spiritual development and contemplative discipleship, Winterbourne 2002

Alan Rogers

Dorset Institute of Higher Education

Human prudence and implied divine sanctions, in Malagasy proverbial wisdom, 1984

Xmas: folk religions festival of nostalgia, 1989

Implicit and explicit religious themes in the poetry of R S Thomas, 1995

Wade Clark Roof

Dept of Sociology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst

The new voluntarism: implications for implicit religion, 1988

Anne Rowbottom

Centre for Human Communication, Manchester Metropolitan University

Civil religion and the performance of national community, 2003

Alternative therapies: healing and implicit religion, 2004

Linda Rudge

Research & Development in R.E., University of East Anglia

Implicit religion in school settings: the educators and secularised faith, 2004

Malcolm Ruel

Clare College, Cambridge

The implicit is for cogitation, 1979

Is cosmology a religion?, 1980

Rodin, Lucien Freud, and Western individualism, 1996

Anthony Russell

Arthur Rank Centre, National Agricultural Centre, Kenilworth

The country parish, today and tomorrow, Winterbourne 1987

Philippe St-Germain

Université du Québec à Montréal

Doubles and doppelgangers: religious meaning for the young & old, 2010

Gerhard Schmied

Dept of Sociology, University of Mainz

Images of the deceased as a problem of implicit religion, 1993

David Schneider

Max Weber Kolleg, Erfurt University, Germany

Collective Myths and Individualization — The emergence of secular myths of contemporary adolescent generation(s) in Germany and France within family and society, 2013

Tatjana Schnell

Institute of Psychology, University of Innsbruck

Implicit Religiosity: a psychological theory of implicitly religious cognition, behaviour and experience, with empirical data, 2002

Personality and implicit religiosity, 2004

Applying insights from research in Implicit Religion: fulfilling the need for meaning, in various contexts, 2009

Sanctifying the Secular: Implicit Religiosity among Irreligious Individuals, 2011

Atheist religion, atheist spirituality, 2014

Geoffrey Scobie

Dept of Psychology, University of Glasgow

The religion of politics, 1978

Israel Selvanayagam

United Theological College, Birmingham

The struggle to define religion in the comparative study of religion, 2004

The quest for spirituality in the secular and multi-faith context of India, 2005

Dialogical approaches to the study of religion, 2006

Meaning and meanings in religious life: an inter-faith perspective,, 2007

Naming the transcendent: an inter-faith perspective, 2008

Counter-Liberation and Cult Formation: The Case of a Socio- Religious Movement in the Southern Tip of India, 2011

Piety, power and politics: the tale of two memorials on the Marina Beach, Chennai, 2012

Kṛṣṇa’s frolics with the Milkmaids: humanising Divinity, or sacralising profanity?, 2015

Linda Sexson

Dept of History and Philosophy, Montana State University

Bricks and towers, books and tongues: language and implicit religion, 2002

Kevin Sharpe

Oxford and Cincinnati

Implicit religion and inter-faith dialogue in scientific perspective, Cambridge 1998

Belief in a just world: an implicit religion, 1998

How implicit religion functions in the pursuit of happiness, 2004

Systems of meaning and implicit religion: a conceptual framework for understanding implicit religion, 2006

Kevin Sharpe & Leslie van Gelder

Universities of Oxford & Cincinnati, and of Walden, Minneapolis

The implicit religion underlying interpretations of European prehistoric art,, 2008

Edwina Sherrington

Research Officer, St Matthias’ Foundation, Avon Colleges of Further Education

Secular experiences of transcendence, Winterbourne 1985

Chris Short

Rural Church Project, Royal Agricultural College, Cirencester

Robert Towlers typology re-examined, Winterbourne 1992

See also: Douglas Davies, 1992

Michael Silversides

St Thomas’s Vicarge, Dagenham, Essex

Folk religion, and the Church’s response, Winterbourne 1987

John Simons

Centre for Population Studies, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine

Familism and implicit religion, 1986

The religion of the family, Winterbourne 1991

Tania ap Sion

Welsh National Centre for R.E., University of Wales, Bangor

Implicit religion and ordinary prayer, 2007

Coping through prayer: an empirical study in implicit religion concerning prayers for children in hospital, 2011

Say one for me: the implicit religion of prayers from the street, 2012

Sarah Smalley

Ernulf’s Comprehensive School, St Neots, Cambridge

The use of story in the classroom, RE 1985

Ninian Smart

Dept of Religious Studies, University of California at Santa Barbara

Implicit religion in inter-faith perspective, Cambridge 1998

John Smith

See: Christine King, 2003

Richard Smith

Biblical Theological Seminary, Hatfield, Pennsylvania

The root of religiosity, explicit and implicit, according to the Apostle Paul, in Romans, chapter 1, 2008

Gamal Solaiman

Islamic Cultural Centre, London Central Mosque

Faith and experience for the Muslim, RE 1983

Antal Solyom

Centre for Bio-medical Ethics, University of Virginia

The struggle to define religion in the comparative study of religion, 2004

William Stahl

Luther College, University of Regina, Saskatchewan

Technological mysticism, 1988

God and the Chip, 1996

From symbol to story: narratives in implicit religion, 2004

Gillian Stamp

Institute of Organisation and Social Studies, Brunel University

The dilemma of structuring: a fellowship of believers, 1982

Francis Stewart

Sociology of Religion, University of Stirling

“Punk Rock is my religion”: the spirituality of Straight Edge punks, 2012

An exploration of the role of redefining the notion of ‘religion’ in relation to violence and conflict resolution, with a particular emphasis on Northern Ireland, 2013

Nailing Descartes to the wall: anarchism, punk rock, and animal rights, 2015

Gerald Strickler

School of Humanities, University of California, Long Beach

A holistic conception of religion, 1991

A meaningful symbol for God today, 1992

Kenneth Surin

Stowmarket High School, Suffolk

Has the notion of implicit religion any value in teaching RE?,, RE 1982

Bill Swatos

Dept of Sociology, Northern Illinois University, and Editor Sociological Analysis

Religion, secularisation, and social process, 1985

Ultimate values in politics: problems and prospects for world society, 1987

The implicit affinities of Satanism and Fundamentalism in the United States, 1989

Implicit and explicit socio-economic status effects in American denominationalism, 1996

Implicit religion as hate, 1999

Meaning and Contradiction: the placing of Implicit Religion in a multiplicity of contexts, 2000

Bill Swatos & Joannae Swatos

Dept of Sociology, Northern Illinois University, and Editor Sociological Analysis

Implicit religious assumptions within the resurgence of civil religion in the USA since 9/11, 2005

Will Sweetman

Religious Studies, Middlesex University

Hinduism: an implicit or explicit religion?, 2000

Bronislaw Szerszynski

Centre for the Study of Environmental Change, Lancaster University

The un-common good: cultural pluralism and the good life, 1997

Tamaru Noriyoshi

see under second name

David Thomas

Centre for the Study of Theology, University of Essex

Believing without belonging: the rise of “occasionalism”, 1995

Walter Benjamins “Aura”: a key concept for Implicit Religion?, 2000

Agonised attraction: Slavoj Zizek and suspended belief, 2005

James Thrower

Dept of Religious Studies, University of Aberdeen

Has Humanism a religious dimension?, 1979

Anders Thyssen

Church History Institute, Aarhus University, Denmark

The relationship between religious and secular revival movements in Denmark, 1984

Rupert Till

Music Dept., University of Huddersfield

Hallowing out of the symbol: Popular iconography and the artist currently known as Prince, 2008

Richard Toon

Dept of Sociology, University of Leeds

Methodological problems in the study of implicit religion, 1981

Robert Towler

Research Director, Independent Broadcasting Authority

The competing ideologies called Christianity, 1980

The Common and Conventional Religion in Leeds research project, 1984

Dermott Tredgett, OSB

Douai Abbey, Berkshire

Monastic spirituality: a universal archetype?, 2004

How can the Rule of Benedict help us understand the true purpose of leisure and work in the 21st century?, 2006

Paul Francois Tremlett

Occupy Hong Kong: enchanted dissent in the heart of the Capitalist Utopia, 2015

John Tropman

The Catholic Ethic Project, University of Michigan

Charity and “Sharity”: the contest between the Protestant and Catholic ethic in 20th century America, 1993

Denys Turner

Dept of Theology and Religious Studies, University of Bristol

Belief into action: the South American experience, RE 1984

Harold Turner

Centre for New Religious Movements, Selly Oak Colleges, Birmingham

A working model for the relationships between the sacred and the secular, 1984

Julia Twigg

Dept of Sociology, University of York

Vegetarianism, 1980

Philip Tyers

St Matthew’s Vicarage, Preston

The religion of British working-class people who do not habitually attend public worship, Winterbourne 2004

Werner Ustorf

School of Philosophy & Theology, University of Birmingham

Response to Wilhelm Dupré, Cambridge 1998

Primal soteriology of Anglican clergy, Winterbourne 1998

Peter Vardy

Dept of Philosophy, Heythrop College, London

Affective learning in RE: philosophical reflections, RE 1988

Spirituality: liberalism and fundamentalism — a philosophical enquiry, RE 1994

Pavel Veselsk

Palacky University Olomouc, Czech Republic

Implicit Religion within the Bhagavad Gita, 2015

Gordon Wakefield

The Alister Hardy Research Centre, Oxford

Mysticism: some recent evaluations, 1991

Religious experience: some recent research, Winterbourne 1992

David Walker

Diocese of Lichfield

“You don’t have to go to church to be a good Christian”: the implicit religion of two Cathedral Carol Service congregations, 2011

Geoffrey Walker

Diocese of Bath and Wells

The soteriology of Anglican clergy, Winterbourne 1999

The changed meanings of the Occasional Offices: some recent clerical observations, 2001

Sue Walrond-Skinner

Continuing Ministerial Education, Bristol Diocese

The implicit religion of family therapy, 1991

Tony Walter

Dept of Sociology, University of Reading

Todays divinities, and a theological response, Winterbourne 1985

Funerals now, Winterbourne 1989

The rituals of the Hillsborough tragedy, 1990

Do all patients have a spiritual dimension?, Winterbourne 1999

Barbara R. Walters

Professional Studies, City University of New York

Liturgy as Explicit and Implicit Religious Vision, 2013

Barbara R. Walters, Grace Araqued & Stacey Murphy

Revitalizing Downtown Manhattan: secularisation, sacralization, and implicit religion, 2012

Barbara R. Walters & Stephanie Perez

City University of New York

Cultural Commitments and Gender Parity: Human Rights as Implicit Religion, 2015

Helen Waterhouse

Dept. of Religious Studies, The Open University

Prayer: a critical term in Religion Studies, 2009

Andrew Wender

Centre for Studies in Religion & Society, University of Victoria, B.C.

State power as a vehicle for the forcible propagation of modernitys unspoken religious tradition, 2003

Holding life as sacred property: the implicit religion behind the proprietorisation of living organisms, 2007

Helping students see what ordinarily remains implicit: how implicit religion can enrich teaching, 2008

Joss West-Burnham

Dept of Humanities and Applied Social Studies, Manchester Metropolitan University

Divine interventions: Victorian religion and the process of female identity, 1995

Martin Weymont

Bickershaw Vicarage, Wigan

Religious assumptions in contemporary Church adult education, 1993

Michael Whawell

Wormingford Vicarage, Colchester

Summoned by bells?, 2001

Bid me run, and I will strive with things impossible (Julius Caesar),, 2003

John Whitehead

Keele University, Chaplain

Making the implicit, explicit, in local Christian chaplaincy, Winterbourne 2000

Bob Whittle

St Mary’s Church, Henbury, Bristol

Folk religion and the Church’s response, Winterbourne 1991

Kit Widdows

St Hildas Church, Halifax

Establishment, in theory and in practice, 1989

The insights of the implicit religion approach, and their application in parish and deanery, Winterbourne 1990

Implicit religion of pulpit and pew, 1993

Don Wiebe

Centre for the Study of Religions, University of Toronto

Is science really an implicit religion?, 1987

Phenomenology of religion as religio-cultural quest: van der Leeuw and the subversion of the scientific study of religion, 1989

Chris Williams

Dept of Social Ethics, St Martin’s College, Lancaster

The notions of religious and secular ritual, 1978

Emyr Williams, Leslie Francis, Mandy Robbins & Ursula Billington

Welsh National Centre for R.E., University of Wales, Bangor

Implicit religion and the quest for meaning: the relationship between purpose in life and conventional (Christian) and unconventional (paranormal) transcendent beliefs, 2007

Classical paranormal beliefs, religious paranormal beliefs, and traditional religiosity: an empirical examination of implicit religion among undergraduates in Northern Ireland and Wales, 2008

The psychological type profile of practising British Pagans compared with Anglican churchgoers, 2010

David Gordon Wilson

Spiritualist Mediums and other Traditional Shamans: practitioner and community, intensification and diffusion, 2011

John Wilson

Farmington Institute, Oxford

First steps in the study of religion, 1978

Ronald Wimberley

Dept of Sociology and Anthropology, North Carolina State University

Civil religious beliefs and Presidential elections: 1976 and 1984, 1985

Michael Winter

Rural Church Project, Royal Agricultural College, Cirencester

Believing and belonging, Winterbourne 1992

See also: Douglas Davies, 1992

John Wolffe

Faculty of Arts, The Open University

Religion and nationalism in response to the deaths of British royalty, 1997

Katherine Young

McGill University, Montreal

Promises of immortality: the revival of medical scientism, 2010

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